Michigan’s k-12 virtual learning effectiveness report 2020-21


Freidhoff, J. R. (2022). Michigan’s k-12 virtual learning effectiveness report 2020-21. Michigan Virtual. https://michiganvirtual.org/research/publications/michigans-k-12-virtual-learning-effectiveness-report-2020-21/


Based on pupil completion and performance data reported by public schools to the Michigan Department of Education and the Center for Educational Performance and Information, this report highlights 2020-21 enrollment totals, completion rates, and the overall impact of virtual courses on K-12 pupils. Detailed findings are presented in sections on schools, courses, and students, as well as over 80 data tables at the end of the report.

About 29% of all K-12 students in the state—over 418,500 students—took virtual courses in 2020-21. These students generated over 3.6 million virtual course enrollments (an increase of 442% from 2019-20) and were present in 79% of Michigan public school districts. Schools with part-time virtual learners were responsible for the majority of virtual enrollments. About 40% of virtual enrollments came from high school students, and the most highly enrolled in virtual courses were those required for high school graduation. Sixty-six percent of the virtual enrollments were from students who were in poverty. The overall pass rate for virtual courses (74%) was up 18 percentage points from the prior year.


  • Freidhoff, Joseph R

Reference Type



  • Effectiveness report
  • K-12 online learning
  • Michigan